Canadian Rangers

Unit Identification

Canadian Rangers Badge

Canadian Rangers

Who we are

The Canadian Rangers are a sub-component of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) Reserve and are the military’s eyes and ears in the north.

They provide patrols and detachments for national-security and public-safety missions in sparsely settled northern, coastal and isolated areas of Canada that can not conveniently or economically be covered by other parts of the CAF.

The Canadian Rangers protect Canada's sovereignty by:

  • Reporting unusual activities or sightings;
  • Collecting local data of significance to the CAF; and
  • Conducting surveillance or sovereignty patrols as required.

Canadian Rangers by the numbers:

  • Approximately 5000 – current number of Canadian Rangers;
  • Over 200 – number of communities where Canadian Rangers live; and
  • 26 – dialects/languages spoken by Canadian Rangers, many of whom are Aboriginal.

Canadian Ranger Patrol Groups (CRPGs)

The Canadian Rangers are divided into five Canadian Ranger Patrol Groups (CRPGs). Each CRPG covers a distinct geographical area; each has a headquarters and a staff that is responsible for overseeing the Rangers and Junior Canadian Rangers in their area.

1st Canadian Ranger Patrol Group encompasses Nunavut, Yukon Territory and Northwest Territories and is headquartered in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories.

2nd Canadian Ranger Patrol Group covers the entire province of Quebec and is headquartered in St.-Jean, Quebec.

3rd Canadian Ranger Patrol Group is responsible for Ontario and is headquartered in Borden, Ontario.

4th Canadian Ranger Patrol Group covers British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba and is headquartered in Victoria, British Columbia.

5th Canadian Ranger Patrol Group encompasses Newfoundland and Labrador and is headquartered in Gander, Newfoundland.

Each CRPG has a Regular Force or Reserve member who is responsible for performing periodic reviews, visits and inspections of the patrols.

What We Do: The Rangers’ Tasks

The Canadian Rangers are the military’s eyes and ears in the sparsely settled northern, coastal and isolated areas of Canada. Appropriately, their motto is Vigilans, meaning “The Watchers.”

As members of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), the Canadian Rangers:

  • Conduct and support sovereignty operations:
  • Conduct sovereignty and surveillance patrols and training
  • Conduct North Warning Site patrols
  • Report suspicious and unusual activities
  • Collect local data of military significance

Conduct and assist in CAF domestic operations:

  • Conduct coastal and inland water surveillance
  • Provide local knowledge and expertise
  • Participate in search and rescue operations
  • Provide support in response to natural or man-made disasters and humanitarian operations
  • Provide assistance to federal, provincial/territorial or municipal authorities

Maintain CAF presence in the local community:

  • Instruct and supervise youth in the Junior Canadian Rangers (JCR) Program, a program that has significantly improved the quality of life of young people in the most isolated areas of Canada
  • Support and participate in events in the local community (such as Yukon Quest, Canada Day, and Remembrance Day)

Canadian Rangers in the past have

  • Conducted routine search and rescue operations;
  • Provided assistance during the avalanche at Kangiqsualujjuaq in northern Québec;
  • Provided support during the drinking water crisis in Kashechewan, Ontario; and
  • The Rangers perform their tasks exceptionally well and are extremely valuable to the CAF.

Join Our Team

Contact the Canadian Ranger Sergeant in your community. Information is available on each Canadian Ranger Patrol Groups page.

Related Links


For information about the vehicles and weapons used by the Canadian Army visit our Equipment page.


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